Russian Space Program Timeline


Timeline of the Missions (1957-1975)

DATEMISSION MISSION DETAILS 
1957
August 21
R-7 Semyorka
First intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM); fully  operational September 1957
1957
October 4
Sputnik 1First artificial satellite
First signals from space
1957
November 3
Sputnik 2First mammal (the dog Laika) in orbit around Earth.
1959
January 2
Luna 1First lunar spacecraft (fly-by)
First rocket engine restart in Earth orbit
First spacecraft to leave Earth's orbit
First spacecraft on an escape trajectory from Earth
First detection of solar wind
1959
January 4
Luna 1First human-made object in heliocentric orbit
1959
September 14
Luna 2First hard landing on another celestial body (Moon)
1959
October 7
Luna 3First photos of far side of the Moon covering 70% of the surface invisible from Earth
First gravity assist ('sling shot'), returning the space craft to the Earth to retrieve the photos (no landing)
1960
August 19
Sputnik 5First animals and plants returned alive from space (Belka  and Strelka)
1960
October 10 
Mars (1a)Mars fly-by mission failed 
1960
October 14
Mars (1b)
Mars fly-by mission failed 
1960
December 1
Sputnik 6It was a test flight of the Vostok spacecraft, carrying two dogs (Pcholka and Mushka)  
1960
December 22
Sputnik 9Also known as Koribal Sputnik 4 mission failed 
1961
February  4
Venera (1a)This mission was a partial success
1961
February 12
Venera 1 First launch from Earth orbit of upper stage into a heliocentric orbit
First mid-course corrections
First spin-stabilisation
1961
April 12
Vostok 1First human spaceflight (Yuri Gagarin)
First orbital flight of a manned vehicle
1961
May 19
Venera 1
First planetary flyby (Venus)
1961
August 6
Vostok 2 First crewed mission lasting a full day (Gherman Titov).
1961
October 27
Kosmos (1a)The launch vehicle didn't reach orbital velocity due to the failure of an acceleration integrator in the velocity regulation control.
1961
December 21
Kosmos (1c)The oxidizer of the second stage was exhausted before orbital velocity could be reached. The upper stage and satellite impacted in the Kurile Islands.
1962
March 16 
Kosmos 1 The first DS-2 satellite was successfully orbited by the Kosmos launch vehicle from Kapustin Yar. After reaching orbit, it received the designation Kosmos 1.
1962
April 6
Kosmos 2 The first 1MS satellite was placed into low orbit under the designation Kosmos 2. It orbited until 20 August 1963.
1962
April 24 
Kosmos 3 The first 2MS satellite was placed into low orbit under the designation Kosmos 3.
1962
April 26
Kosmos 4 Also designated as Sputnik 14 and Zenit 2
1962
May 26
Kosmos 5The Second 2MS satellite placed into orbit 
1962
June 1 
Kosmos (6)Also designated as  Zenit 2 #3. Mission failed
1962
June 30 
Kosmos 6 Also designated as Sputnik 16
1962
July 28
Kosmos 7Also designated as Sputnik 17 and Zenit 2 #2
1962
August 12
Vostok 3 
Vostok 4
First dual crewed spaceflight (Andriyan Nikolayev and Pavel Popovich)
First spacecraft-to-spacecraft radio contact
First simultaneous flight of crewed spacecraft
1962
August 18
Kosmos 8A single DS-K-8  satellite, known as Kosmos 8, was successfully orbited by a Kosmos rocket from Kapustin Yar.
1962
August 25
Venera 2 (a)Molniya launcher put the spacecraft 2MV-1 #1 (dubbed Sputnik 19) into Earth orbit, but the escape stage failed and the probe remained in geocentric orbit for three days
1962
September 1
Venera 2 (b)The spacecraft was successfully inserted into geocentric orbit . The escape stage failed and the it re-entered the Earth's atmosphere 5 days later.
1962
September 12
Venera 2 (c)Like its two predecessors of the 2MV-1 type (launched on 25 August and 1 September 1962), this Venus probe never left orbit around the Earth. Returning to earth after 5 days
1962
September 27
Kosmos 9 Also designated as Zenit 2 #5
1962
October 17
Kosmos 10Also designated as Zenit 2 #6
1962
October 20
Kosmos 11 First Launch of a DS-A1 satellite 
1962
October 24
Mars (1c) Mission was a partial failure 
1962
October 25 
Kosmos (12)Mission failed 
1962
November 1
Mars 1 An automatic interplanetary station launched in the direction of Mars, with the intent of flying by the planet at a distance of about 11,000 km
1962
November 11
Mars (2a) Mission was a partial failure 
1962 December 22Kosmos 12 Also designated as Zenit 2 #7
1963
January 4
Luna (4c)Launched successfully , but the upper stage malfunctioned. It remained in low Earth orbit until 11 January 1963.
1963
February 3 
Luna (4d)Launched successfully but failed to achieve orbit 
1963
March 21
Kosmos 13 Also designated as Zenit 2 #8
1963
April 2
Luna 4Launched successfully , but failed to perform a course correction manoeuvre and therefore missed the moon.
1963
April 6 
Kosmos (14) Second launch of a DS-A1 satellite. Mission failed
1963
April 13
Kosmos 14 First Omega satellite. Developed technologies for the Meteor-1 satellite program.
1963
April 22
Kosmos 15Also designated as Zenit 2 #9
1963
April 28
Kosmos 16Also designated as Zenit 2 #10
1963
May 22 
Kosmos 17Second launch of a DS-A1 satellite
1963
May 24 
Kosmos 18Also designated as Zenit 2 #11
1963
June 1
Kosmos (19a)The first launch of a DS-MT satellite  but it failed to reach orbit.
1963
June 14
Vostok 5 Using the The Vostok-3K, the operational version after the Vostok-1KP and Vostok-1K prototypes. 
1963
June 16
Vostok 6
First woman in space (Valentina Tereshkova)
First civilian in space
1963
July 22
Kosmos (19b)Also designated as Zenit 2 #12. Pre-launch failure
1963
August 6
Kosmos 19Launch of a DS-P1 series of satellites was used to calibrate space surveillance and early warning radars
1963
August 22
Kosmos (20)Third launch of a DS-A1 satellite. The mission failed 
1963
October 18
Kosmos 20 Also designated as Zenit 2 #13
1963
October 24
Kosmos (21)The 4th launch of a DS-A1 satellite. The mission failed
1963
November 11
Kosmos 21Also designated as Zond 1
1963
November 16
Kosmos 22Also designated as Zenit 4  #1
1963
November 28
Kosmos (23)Also designated as Zenit 2 #14. Mission failed
1963
December 13
Kosmos 23 Also designated as Omega #2
1963
December 19
Kosmos 24Also designated as Zenit 2 #15
1964
January 30 
Elektron 1Lower Earth orbit satellite to map the inner Van Allen belt
1964
January 30
Elektron 2Higher orbit satellite for the study of the outer radiation belt and cosmic rays
1964
February 19 
Zond (1b)Mission failed 
1964
February 27
Kosmos 25Launch of the  DS-P1 #4 satellite

1964
March 18
Kosmos 26 The first launch of a DS-MG satellite.
1964
March 21
Luna (5a)Mission failed
1964
March 27
Kosmos 27Launched but was left in an earth orbit, when the upper stage of the launch vehicle failed. Also designated Venera (2d)
1964
April 2
Zond 1Also designated as 3MV-1 #2
1964
April 4
Kosmos 28Also designated as Zenit 2 #16
1964
April 20
Luna (5c)Mission failed
1964
April 25
Kosmos 29Also designated as Zenit 2 #17
1964
May 18
Kosmos 30Also designated as Zenit 4  #2
1964
June 4
Molniya 1 (1a)Communication satellite operating from an inclined highly elliptical earth orbit. Mission failed
1964
June 6
Kosmos 31The first successful launch of a DS-MT satellite
1964
June 10
Kosmos 32Also designated as Zenit 2 #18
1964
June 23
Kosmos 33Also designated as Zenit 2 #19
1964
July 1
Kosmos 34Also designated as Zenit 4  #3
1964
July 10
Elektron 3The second Lower Earth orbit satellite to map the inner Van Allen belt
1964
July 10
Elektron 4The second higher orbit satellite for the study of the outer radiation belt and cosmic rays
1964
July 15
Kosmos 35Also designated as Zenit 2 #20
1964
July 30
Kosmos 36Launch of a DS-P1-Yu  early warning radar satellite 
1964
August 14
Kosmos 37Also designated as Zenit 2 #21
1964
August 18
Kosmos 38Launch of the Strela-1 satellite .Prototype store-dump communications satellite 
1964
August 18
Kosmos 39Launch of the Strela-2 satellite .Prototype store-dump communications satellite
1964
August 18
Kosmos 40Launch of the Strela-3 satellite .Prototype store-dump communications satellites
1964
August 22
Kosmos 41Launch of Molniya 1 (1b) communication satellite 
1964
August 22
Kosmos 42Launch of the Strela-4 satellite .Prototype store-dump communications satellite 
1964
August 22
Kosmos 43Launch of the Strela-5 satellite .Prototype store-dump communications satellite
1964
August 28
Kosmos 44First launch of the  Meteor-1 series of meteorological satellites
1964
September 13
Kosmos 45Also designated as Zenit 4  #4
1964
September 24
Kosmos 46Also designated as Zenit 2  #22
1964
October 6
Kosmos 47Test of the Vokshod-3KV #2 spacecraft 
1964
October 12
Voskhod 1 The first crewed flight of a Voskhod spacecraft and the first flight carrying more than one person
1964
October 14
Kosmos 48Also designated as Zenit 2  #23
1964
October 23 
Kosmos (49)Launch of the Strela-6 satellite .Prototype store-dump communications satellite. Mission Failed
1964
October 23
Kosmos (50)Launch of the Strela-7 satellite .Prototype store-dump communications satellite. Mission Failed
1964
October 23
Kosmos (51)Launch of the Strela-8 satellite .Prototype store-dump communications satellite. Mission Failed
1964
October 24
Kosmos 49Launch of DS-MG #2 satellite.
1964
October 28
Kosmos 50Also designated as Zenit 2  #24
1964
November 30 
Zond 2 Mars Fly-by satellite 
1964
December 1
Kosmos  51Launch of the DS-2 #2 satellite . Mission failed 
1965
January 11
Kosmos 52
Also designated as Zenit 2  #25
1965
January 30
Kosmos 53Launch of the DS-A1 #3 satellite .
1965
February 12 
Kosmos (54a)Mission failed 
1965
February 20
Kosmos (54b)Mission failed 
1965
February 21
Kosmos 54Launch of the Strela-9 satellite .Prototype store-dump communications satellite
1965
February 21
Kosmos 55Launch of the Strela-10 satellite .Prototype store-dump communications satellite
1965
February 21
Kosmos 56Launch of the Strela-11 satellite .Prototype store-dump communications satellite
1965
February 22
Kosmos 57Launch of Vokshod-3KD #1 as part of the Vokshod program.
1965
February  26
Kosmos 58Launch of the Meteor 1 # 2 satellite 
1965
March 7
Kosmos 59Also designated as Zenit 4  #5
1965
March 12
Kosmos 60Luna (5c) Mission partial failure.
1965
March 15
Kosmos 61Launch of the Strela-12 satellite .Prototype store-dump communications satellite
1965
March 15
Kosmos 62Launch of the Strela-13 satellite .Prototype store-dump communications satellite
1965
March 15
Kosmos 63Launch of the Strela-14 satellite .Prototype store-dump communications satellite
1965
March 18
Vokshod 2First extra-vehicular activity ("space walk")
1965
March 25
Kosmos 64Also designated as Zenit 2  #26
1965
April 10
Luna (5d) Mission failed 
1965
April 17
Kosmos 65Also designated as Zenit 4  #6
1965
April 23
Molniya 1-1Launch of the Molniya satellite
1965
May 7
Kosmos 66Also designated as Zenit 2  #27
1965
May 9
Luna 5 Launch of the Luna 5 moon mission
1965
May 25
Kosmos 67Also designated as Zenit 4 #7
1965
June 8
Luna 6Launch of the Luna 6moon mission
1965
June 15
Kosmos 68Also designated as Zenit 2 #28
1965
June 25
Kosmos 69Also designated as Zenit 4 #8
1965
July  2
Kosmos 70Launch of DS-A1 #4 satellite.
1965
July 13
Kosmos (71)Mission failed
1965
July 16
Kosmos 71Launch of the Strela-15 satellite .Prototype store-dump communications satellite
1965
July 16
Kosmos 72
Launch of the Strela-16 satellite .Prototype store-dump communications satellite
1965
July 16
Kosmos 73
Launch of the Strela-17 satellite .Prototype store-dump communications satellite
1965
July 16
Kosmos 74
Launch of the Strela-18 satellite .Prototype store-dump communications satellite
1965
July 16
Kosmos 75Launch of the Strela-19 satellite .Prototype store-dump communications satellite
1965
July 17
ProtonFirst launch of the Proton scientific satellite  
1965
July 18
Zond 3 Launch of the fly-by mission to Venus 
1965
July 23
Kosmos 76Launch of a DS-P1-Yu #3 early warning radar satellite
1965
August 3
Kosmos 77Also designated as Zenit 4 #9
1965
August 14
Kosmos 78Also designated as Zenit 2 #30
1965
August 25
Kosmos 79Also designated as Zenit 4 #10
1965
September 3
Kosmos 80 Launch of the Strela-20 satellite .Prototype store-dump communications satellite
1965
September 3
Kosmos 81
Launch of the Strela-21 satellite .Prototype store-dump communications satellite
1965
September 3
Kosmos 82
Launch of the Strela-22 satellite .Prototype store-dump communications satellite
1965
September 3
Kosmos 83
Launch of the Strela-23 satellite .Prototype store-dump communications satellite
1965
September 3
Kosmos 84
Launch of the Strela-24 satellite .Prototype store-dump communications satellite
1965
September 9
Kosmos 85Also designated as Zenit 4 #11
1965
September 18
Kosmos 86Launch of the Strela-25 satellite .Prototype store-dump communications satellite
1965
September 18
Kosmos 87
Launch of the Strela-26 satellite .Prototype store-dump communications satellite
1965
September 18
Kosmos 88
Launch of the Strela-27 satellite .Prototype store-dump communications satellite
1965
September 18
Kosmos 89
Launch of the Strela-28 satellite .Prototype store-dump communications satellite
1965
September 18
Kosmos 90
Launch of the Strela-29 satellite .Prototype store-dump communications satellite
1965
September 23
Kosmos 91Also designated as Zenit 4 #12
1965
October 5
Luna 7 Launch of the Luna 7 moon mission 
1965
October 14
Molinya 1-2 Launch of the second Molniya satellite
1965
October 16
Kosmos 92Also designated as Zenit 4 #13
1965
October 19
Kosmos 93First launch of a DS-UV-V #1 satellite 
1965
October 28
Kosmos 94 Also designated as Zenit 4 #14
1965
November 2
Proton 2 Launch of the Proton 2 scientific satellite
1965
November 4
Kosmos 95Launch of a DS-UV-V #2 satellite
1965
November 12 
Venera 2Launch of the Venera 2 mission to Venus
1965
November 16
Venera 3 Launch of the Venera 3 mission to Venus
1965
November 23
Kosmos 96Launch of the Venera (4a) Mission failed 
1965
November 26
Kosmos 97First launch of the DS-U2-M #1 launched as part of the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik program 
1965
November 
Kosmos 98 Also designated as Zenit 2 #31
1965
December 3
Luna 8 Launch of the Luna 7 moon mission
1965
December 10 
Kosmos 99Also designated as Zenit 2 #32
1965
December 17 
Kosmos 100Launch of the Meteor 1 #3 satellite 
1965
December 21
Kosmos 101Launch of a DS-P1-Yu  #3 early warning radar satellite
1965
December 27
Kosmos 102First launch of a US-A (Upravlenniye Sputnik Aktivny) radar satellite 
1965
December 28
Kosmos (103)Mission Failed 
1965
December 28
Kosmos 103First Launch of a Strela 2 satellite .The continuation of the prototype store-dump communications satellite program
1966
February 3
Luna 9First soft landing on another celestial body (Moon)
First photos from another celestial body
1966
March 1
Venera 3First hard landing on another planet (Venus)
1966
April 3
Luna 10First artificial satellite to orbit another celestial body: the Moon
1967
October 30
Cosmos 186 / Cosmo 188First docking of two remote-controlled spacecraft
1968
September
14-21
Zond 5First terrestrial life to leave Earth orbit, to travel to and circle the Moon.
First Moon mission with lifeforms to return safely to Earth
1969
January 16
Soyuz 4 / Soyuz 5

First crew exchange in space
First docking of two manned spacecraft
1970
September 24
First robotic automatic sample return from another celestial body: the MoonLuna 16
1970
 November 23
First lunar rover (remote-controlled) and first rover on another celestial body (the Moon)Lunokhod 1
1970
December 15
First soft landing on another planet (Venus)
First signals from another planet
Venera 7
1971
April 19
First human-crewed space station launchedSalyut 1
1971
June 29
First human-crewed orbital observatory (Orion 1)Soyuz 11 / Salyut 1
1971
November 27
First hard landing on MarsMars 2
1971
December 2
First soft Mars landing
First signals from Mars surface
Mars 3
1975
July 15
First multinational human-crewed missionSoyuz 19


Source : Wikipedia - Timeline of space Exploration